The Sacred Mushroom and the Cross: A Study of the Nature and Origins of Christianity Within the Fertility Cults of the Ancient Near East is a 1970 book about the linguistics of early Christianity and fertility cults in the Ancient Near East. It was written by John Marco Allegro (1923–1988).

The book relates the development of language to the development of myths, religions, and cultic practices in world cultures. Allegro believed he could prove, through etymology, that the roots of Christianity, as of many other religions, lay in fertility cults, and that cult practices, such as ingesting visionary plants ("psychedelics" or "entheogens") to perceive the mind of God, persisted into the early Christian era, and to some unspecified extent into the 13th century with reoccurrences in the 18th century and mid-20th century, as he interprets the Plaincourault chapel's fresco to be an accurate depiction of the ritual ingestion of Amanita muscaria as the Eucharist. Allegro argued that Jesus never existed and was a mythological creation of early Christians under the influence of psychoactive mushroom extracts such as psilocybin.

His claims have often been subject to ridicule and scorn due to Allegro's unconventional theory. As Time magazine put it in an article headed "Jesus as mushroom",

To some biblical scholars in Britain, the new book looked like the psychedelic ravings of a hippie cultist. To others, it was merely an outlandish hoax. One described it as reading "like a Semitic philologist's erotic nightmare."

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\LaTeX{} is a document preparation system for the \TeX{}
typesetting program. It offers programmable desktop
publishing features and extensive facilities for
automating most aspects of typesetting and desktop
publishing, including numbering and cross-referencing,
tables and figures, page layout, bibliographies, and
much more. \LaTeX{} was originally written in 1984 by
Leslie Lamport and has become the dominant method for
using \TeX; few people write in plain \TeX{} anymore.
The current version is \LaTeXe.

% This is a comment, not shown in final output.
% The following shows typesetting power of LaTeX:
\begin{align}
E_0 &= mc^2 \\
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[math]
\documentclass[12pt]{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\title{\LaTeX}
\date{}
\begin{document}
\maketitle
\LaTeX{} is a document preparation system for the \TeX{}
typesetting program. It offers programmable desktop
publishing features and extensive facilities for
automating most aspects of typesetting and desktop
publishing, including numbering and cross-referencing,
tables and figures, page layout, bibliographies, and
much more. \LaTeX{} was originally written in 1984 by
Leslie Lamport and has become the dominant method for
using \TeX; few people write in plain \TeX{} anymore.
The current version is \LaTeXe.

% This is a comment, not shown in final output.
% The following shows typesetting power of LaTeX:
\begin{align}
E_0 &= mc^2 \\
E &= \frac{mc^2}{\sqrt{1-\frac{v^2}{c^2}}}
\end{align}
\end{document}
[/math]

## Comments

The book relates the development of language to the development of myths, religions, and cultic practices in world cultures. Allegro believed he could prove, through etymology, that the roots of Christianity, as of many other religions, lay in fertility cults, and that cult practices, such as ingesting visionary plants ("psychedelics" or "entheogens") to perceive the mind of God, persisted into the early Christian era, and to some unspecified extent into the 13th century with reoccurrences in the 18th century and mid-20th century, as he interprets the Plaincourault chapel's fresco to be an accurate depiction of the ritual ingestion of Amanita muscaria as the Eucharist. Allegro argued that Jesus never existed and was a mythological creation of early Christians under the influence of psychoactive mushroom extracts such as psilocybin.

His claims have often been subject to ridicule and scorn due to Allegro's unconventional theory. As Time magazine put it in an article headed "Jesus as mushroom",

To some biblical scholars in Britain, the new book looked like the psychedelic ravings of a hippie cultist. To others, it was merely an outlandish hoax. One described it as reading "like a Semitic philologist's erotic nightmare."

E &= \frac{mc^2}{\sqrt{1-\frac{v^2}{c^2}}}

[/math]

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<mo>+</mo>

<mi>c</mi>

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</math>

\usepackage{amsmath}

\title{\LaTeX}

\date{}

\begin{document}

\maketitle

\LaTeX{} is a document preparation system for the \TeX{}

typesetting program. It offers programmable desktop

publishing features and extensive facilities for

automating most aspects of typesetting and desktop

publishing, including numbering and cross-referencing,

tables and figures, page layout, bibliographies, and

much more. \LaTeX{} was originally written in 1984 by

Leslie Lamport and has become the dominant method for

using \TeX; few people write in plain \TeX{} anymore.

The current version is \LaTeXe.

% This is a comment, not shown in final output.

% The following shows typesetting power of LaTeX:

\begin{align}

E_0 &= mc^2 \\

E &= \frac{mc^2}{\sqrt{1-\frac{v^2}{c^2}}}

\end{align}

\end{document}

\documentclass[12pt]{article}

\usepackage{amsmath}

\title{\LaTeX}

\date{}

\begin{document}

\maketitle

\LaTeX{} is a document preparation system for the \TeX{}

typesetting program. It offers programmable desktop

publishing features and extensive facilities for

automating most aspects of typesetting and desktop

publishing, including numbering and cross-referencing,

tables and figures, page layout, bibliographies, and

much more. \LaTeX{} was originally written in 1984 by

Leslie Lamport and has become the dominant method for

using \TeX; few people write in plain \TeX{} anymore.

The current version is \LaTeXe.

% This is a comment, not shown in final output.

% The following shows typesetting power of LaTeX:

\begin{align}

E_0 &= mc^2 \\

E &= \frac{mc^2}{\sqrt{1-\frac{v^2}{c^2}}}

\end{align}

\end{document}

[/math]

\sqrt{2}

[/math]

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table 1

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table 3

table 4

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